When traveling via roads, we often look for cues to tell us where we are going. A sign every now and then telling us exactly where we are, and which directions lead to a particular destination. Imagine the colossal time it would take if none of the roads had any signposts, and neither did any maps. It would be impossible to travel anywhere. The same logic also applies to academic papers. When writing, we want to tell our readers exactly what to expect. Academic papers are different from works of fiction. We like having spoilers in the former. It is a good writing practice.

So, what is signposting in writing and how do we make use of them efficiently? Well, there are four types of signposts- thesis statements, paragraphs, topic sentences, and transitions. The thesis statement helps set out our conclusion for each issue and sub-issue Paragraphs are meant for discussing one idea or sub-issue. They are a group of sentences relating to those discrete ideas. A topic sentence summarizes our stance on that issue. We use a topic sentence to give our paragraph a direction and define its purpose. Now, these paragraphs might discuss different ideas. To connect these ideas and establish a flow, we make use of transitions. They show the relationship between these different ideas.

Therefore, by using these signposts we can convey our ideas efficiently to our readers. It is important to remember that writing also is a form of communication. While these concepts may be clear in our heads as writers who have engaged and worked upon them for long, they might not be as evident to our readers. Hence, using signposts helps our readers navigate smoothly through our papers.

  Navtej Singh Johar v. Union of India, 2018

“I don't recall that glorious document saying anything about all straight men are created equal. I believe it says all men are created equal.”

(Philadelphia, 1993)


The ostracization that the people of the LGBT community of India face is not new. Yet, it took almost 150 years for the provision which criminalizes their way of life, to be deemed unconstitutional. Section 377 of the IPC lays down the provision relating to unnatural offenses. The section previously penalized anyone having voluntary intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman, or animal. While the section did not explain what would fall under unnatural intercourse, it criminalized any intercourse apart from procreative sexual activity.

The section started garnering public attention in the 2000s, thanks to the unrelenting efforts of activists. In 2008, Naz Foundation brought a case before the Delhi High Court, citing that Section 377 was hampering their effort to provide medical assistance for AIDS and HIV. The Delhi High Court in its judgment found that provision of Section 377 as unconstitutional and violative of Articles 14, 15, and 21. This was however reversed in Suresh Kumar Koushal v. Naz Foundation, 2013.

Navtej Singh Johar v. Union of India, 2018 is a landmark judgment of the Supreme Court of India. The decision led by a five-judge bench unanimously held those provisions of Section 377 of IPC as unconstitutional which criminalized consensual sex between individuals of the same sex. After a decade of counter litigations, in this case, the SC held that this provision of the law was violative of the Right to Equality under Articles 14, Prohibition of discrimination under Article 15, Freedom of Speech and Expression under Article 19, and Right to Life and Liberty under Article 21 of the Indian constitution. It reiterated that the right to dignity includes the capacity to conduct such activities as would constitute a meaningful expression of the human self. And sexuality is the most essential of human expression and identity.

In pronouncing this verdict, they did away with 150 years old draconian law and set a binding precedent. It was also a milestone as it accepted and acknowledged the struggle of the LGBT community in the country.

  Niche Area Of Law- International Sports Law And Management

“For most people, fantasy is not a necessary ingredient of work life. They look at work-life through the wrong end of a telescope. Law helps you do that, work with fantasy.”

~Nishant Sheokand


Are you a sports person or a sports fan? Do you ever think it would be fascinating to work for Manchester United or Mercedes F1 team or Chicago Bulls? Watching your dream team play, to buying the official merchandise are the first steps we as fans take to connect and experience the world of sports and it becomes a habit. Is it limited to fan engagement or can you take the next step and work in the sector?

Who negotiates the multi-million dollar football transfer between famous clubs and teams? Who makes sure that the contracts Lionel Messi or Cristiano Ronaldo signs are airtight, free of any loopholes? From experiencing the fantasy of engaging through fantasy games to making a career in it, International Sports Law and Management is the gateway.

There are few things in the world which connects us in a way the law and sports does. It is the language everyone around the world speaks which brings the people of world together. Such is the power of the Law that regulates it and the professionals who work in it. It is basically an amalgamation of various laws, sporting regulations and guidelines which exist. Over a period of time sports law as a new branch of law has emerged which is termed as ‘Lex Sportiva’.

Some of the professional careers after finishing the degree in Sports law and Management: Legal Counsel for sports teams, sporting organisations like FIFA, Olympics, IPL,ISL, NBA etc., Management of sports organizations, Sports Consulting, Equipment Industry, Law Offices, Sports Agent, Sports Centres, Training and education, Organization of sporting events etc.

Want to know more? Stay tuned for the next edition!


Uncanny Laws/ Alien Laws/ Strange Laws/ If Humans Knew This!

Fond of flying kites??  

Guess what? you might end up in jail!

As per the Indian Aircraft Act, 1934 one needs a permit to fly an aircraft in India. Section 2(1) of the act includes kites and balloons as aircrafts. Any person causing danger to the other person or to any property on land, water or in the air by wilfully flying any aircraft is punishable under Section 11 of Indian Aircraft Act, 1934


Turin has the most stringent animal protection rules in the country. A dog parent in Turin, Italy should take their dog for a walk at least three times a day or else you are fined up to 500 euros. In fact, to enforce these laws, Turin police mostly relies on the cruelty complaints made by the residents. Italy considers itself an animal-loving nation. Like humans, animals also need a proper care, natural habitat and surrounding. We must protect and provide the same to man’s best friends.

  You need to know this if you are a dog Parent.
Locust Emergency!!!  

Under the East Punjab Agricultural Pests, Diseases, and Noxious Weeds Act, 1949, collector or the authorized officer may call upon any male person not below the age of 14 to come together to battle against locust infestation.


The Indian Sarais Act, 1887 envisages basic rights for travelers. No hotel can deny someone water or access to the washroom. A Hotel owner can be punished for not offering free drinking water.

  Athiti Devo Bhav
You can get married by proxy  

In Texas, the family code allows marriages by proxy though limited to personnel involved military services. Herein you can assign another adult who can act as proxy to get married in your place, as long as you have all the documentation correct.


  Inspiring Legal Personality  
By Prof. Deepu Krishna    

Justice V. R. Krishna Iyer

Justice V. R. Krishna Iyer was a visionary jurist, statesman and champion of human rights. Throughout his life, Justice Iyer stood for the cause of justice, equality and socialism. With his moral stature and deep compassion for the downtrodden, he played the role of a people’s tribune till the end of his life. As a Minister in Namboodiripad government he held the portfolios for Home, Law, Prison, Electricity, Irrigation, Social Welfare and Inland Water.

He introduced legal-aid to the poor, jail reforms incorporating the rights of prisoners, and set up more courts and rescue homes for women and children. He also initiated labour law reforms. As a judge, he was among the judges who began the trend to go outside the courtroom and witness the ground reality. He was also among the first judges to relax the rules for filing Public Interest Litigations to address the needs of access to justice. Not only did he rule in matters involving civil and political rights of the citizens but also those involving the natural environment. He presided over the infamous Bangalore Water Supply vs A Rajappa case where the court redefined the contours of the term “Industry” and laid down the immensely useful triple test.

  News & Events  
Humans of IFIM- Creating a family, one story at a time.

Students often ask what is Humans of IFIM or why we started it. Sometimes we try to put it in a box of showing the commonality of people at IFIM. But the purpose of Humans of IFIM is not the commonality, it’s to tell the story of the person we cross every day in the corridor, the human right in front of us, the human we look at and perceive, but know nothing about.

We started it in March 2021. After almost one year, we can't help but think about the lives we have touched. From the head guard of IFIM to cleaning ladies, a sports star to the life lost, from the vulnerable to the philosophical, we reminisce. But most importantly, more than simply reminiscing, the stories are written, read, and heard. And that is what Humans of IFIM and its purpose is. We bring you the latest story at IFIM. It tells the journey of a person who dared to break the stereotypes and showed the world that age is just a construct, it is never too late to pursue your passion and learn.

The story of Ms. Sashikala, 1st-year LL.B student at IFIM Law School.

Read Here:

Memorandum of Understanding between Peace First, Boston, #UnitedStates, and IFIM Law School.

Peace First is a 501(c)3 organization co-led by young people that supports young people ages 13-25 to create a more compassionate, just, and peaceful world by providing digital tools community support, start-up funding and stories that celebrate their social change journeys and impact.

This collaboration will focus on organizing Learning Labs and training for the students of IFIM Law School empowered by the digital tools, community support, and the celebration of the stories to bring social change and impact.

Read Here:

Centre for ADR in collaboration with Centre for Sports Law, Economics and Policy present the First-ever Intra Sports Negotiation and Mediation Competition.

Do you think you can successfully negotiate a multi-million deal for a budding football star? Do you have the potential and the skills to mediate a transfer dispute between two city rivals and the future of Indian Club Football? If Yes, then register for this one-of-a-kind competition.

Read Here: 

  By Prof. Harsh Vardhan Tiwari  

Why do we have to think that way? Why do we take studies as some cumbersome tasks? Let me tell you law is the most fun thing that a student can do. We are talking about the 5 years you are to invest. Yes ‘INVEST’. Just how you be so specific while investing your money for stocks or mutual funds, one needs to be super careful while choosing the institution where you’re to spend 5 years. We must understand or just simply know the answers to the basic questions while choosing law as a career and then going forward with finding the right institution for yourself that fulfils those expectations.

The questions that one must have an answer of: -

Why do I want to pursue law?
What is that one thing I’m best at, and can prove to be useful for me during legal studies?
What are the prospects I’m targeting?
I hope I’m not landing myself into something which is already too mainstream. Or am I?
How am I going to maintain the pace between the current society requirements and my area of interests?


If you have answers to all these questions, trust me you’re good to go. Also, if you are struggling to get an answer for question number 4 and 5, then let me tell you these are the two most important questions you must-must have an answer of.

Do you know why?

Because times are competitive, if you’re not serving something different or coming up with a versatile personality then the situation may get difficult for you.
Now instead of taking this as a task, or if I may say a ‘tedious job’, start taking it as an opportunity to grow and prove your mettle. Law schools can be extremely fun if you’re not studying for the heck of it but to make your statement in the areas hardly chosen by law students.

My 5th question circumscribed the same aspect. Are we serving the areas which are totally untapped but at the same time too vital and are no less than an opportunity?

Choose carefully!

Choose yourself an institution that leads to your holistic growth and development. Choose yourself an institution that gives your personality a 360-degree revamp. Choose yourself an institution that makes it a cakewalk for you. Choose yourself an institution that gives you an opportunity to do your majors in the areas which are trending and have tremendous opportunities lying ahead in them.

Choose wisely.

I know and pretty much understand what every law student feels like before choosing law or any career post school academics. The right advice, the right guidance can take you miles ahead. You can be the next Delta Lawyer.